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D-Lysine Hydrochloride Explanation and Uses


D-lysine hydrochloride is the hydrochloride salt form of D-lysine, an enantiomer of the essential amino acid lysine. Here’s a detailed explanation and its various uses:


Explanation of D-lysine hydrochloride


Chemical Nature: D-lysine hydrochloride, CAS NO: 7274-88-6, is the D-isomer of lysine, combined with hydrochloric acid to form a stable salt. It differs from L-lysine, which is the naturally occurring form in proteins. The D-isomer refers to the right-handed configuration of the lysine molecule.


Molecular Formula: The molecular formula is C6H14N2O2·HCl, and it typically appears as a white crystalline powder.


Solubility: It is highly soluble in water, which makes it easy to use in various applications.


Uses of D-lysine hydrochloride


1. Pharmaceuticals:


Drug Formulations: D-lysine hydrochloride can be used in the development of certain pharmaceuticals. Although less common than L-lysine, it may have specific applications in medicinal chemistry.


Chirality Studies: It is used in research to study the effects of chirality on biological systems and drug efficacy.


2. Research and Biotechnology:


Protein and Peptide Synthesis: D-lysine hydrochloride is used in the synthesis of peptides and proteins, particularly in the study of protein structure and function.


Enzyme Studies: It is used in enzyme assays and studies to understand the interaction between enzymes and substrates with specific chirality.


3. Nutritional and Dietary Supplements:


Supplements: While L-lysine is more commonly used in dietary supplements, D-lysine may be included in formulations aimed at specific health needs or research purposes.


4. Cosmetics:


Ingredient: It can be used as an ingredient in cosmetic formulations, potentially for its moisturizing and skin-conditioning properties.


5. Chemical Synthesis:


Intermediate: D-lysine hydrochloride can be used as an intermediate in the synthesis of other complex chemical compounds, including pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals.


In summary, D-lysine hydrochloride is a versatile compound primarily used in research and chemical synthesis. Its applications in pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and cosmetics highlight its importance in various scientific and industrial fields. The unique properties of the D-isomer make it valuable for specific studies and formulations.